Tag Archives: Pakistan

Defining Moments : India at 66

As India takes one more step forward, let us take a look at 11 defining moments after its Independence.

From Dominion to Republic, 1950.

From Dominion to Republic

The Dominion of India becomes the Republic of India on 26th January 1950 by adopting the newly drafted constitution. Today, we are the largest democracy in the world and the constitution is the largest one in the world and maintains its unique nature while adopting several portions from British, US & other constitutions of the world.

Biggest Gamble in History : First General Elections 1951-52

First General Elections 1951-52

It was like the biggest gamble in the history of India. Consider, first of all, the size of the electorate: 176 million Indian voters of whose more than 85% could not read or write. Each one had to be identified, named & registered. At stake were around 4500 seats – about 500 for Parliament and rest for Provincial assemblies. Again these figures are not enough, there were 224,000 polling booths, 2 million steel ballot boxes (made of 8200 tonnes of steel) and about 380,000 reams of paper were used. And with all this, India went to its first general elections.

Redrawing the Map : State Reorganization Act, 1956

State Reorganization

India is a land of many languages, each with its distinct script, grammar, vocabulary and literary traditions. And as we became independent, demand for states on linguistic and ethnic identities started growing. It was the 58 – day long fast of Potti Sriramulu that led to the creation of Andhra Pradesh and setting up the First State Reorganization Commission. Potti Sriramulu might be a forgotten man today but his fast and its aftermath sparked off a wholesale redrawing of the map of India on linguistic lines.

The Experience of Defeat ; Sino – Indian War, 1962

1962 India China War

As the Dalai Lama crossed into India in 1959 and China tightened its control over Tibet, the “Hindi-Chini Bhai Bhai’ slogans on the border were replaced by “Yeh Zameen Hamara Hai, Tum Wapas Jao”. Border & territorial claims of both the countries were starkly different and as China grew stronger under the Communist rule, it was determined to undo all the ground positions. As China attacked India in 1962, the war lead to a bitter defeat for ill-prepared India. The India-China conflict, then, was a clash of national myths, national egos, national insecurities and ultimately of the national armies.

Victory against Pakistan, 1965

1965 War

Pakistan’s ruler Ayub Khan and his company were encouraged by the debacle against China in 1962. But they forgot that it was in wet & slippery Himalayas, while war with Pakistan is on a terrain that Indians knew much better. The victory in the 1965 war came as a confidence booster to everybody, be it army, civilians or the Govt.

The Uncertain years and the Bangladesh War, 1967-71

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Once the Congress was the national cohesive force, but by late 1960s, it was split into disputatious parts. Between Banking nationalization, slogans of “Garibi Hatao” and several other reforms by Mrs. Indira Gandhi, India was again facing trouble from its western neighbor, but this time on the eastern frontiers. The than East Pakistan was witnessing popular uprising for a separate nation and this lead to a war between India & Pakistan. Within 6 days, Indian army had marched till Dacca. It was hailed as the biggest victory ever in Indian history and it changed the map of the subcontinent.

The Emergency Years, 1975-77

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After Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was found guilty of electoral malpractice, she declared State of Emergency in June 1975. The emergency revived the debate as to whether India could, should, or ever would be reliably democratic. The emergency was lifted in 1977, and India saw its first non-Congress govt, though a short-lived one.

Operation Blue Star and Assassination of the Indira Gandhi, 1984

Assassination of Indira

As militancy and violence was on the peak in Punjab, the Indian Government decided to attack the Khalistan movement and “Operation Blue Star” was launched in July 1984. As a consequence, in October that year, Indira Gandhi was assassinated by her Sikh bodyguards and this was followed by large-scale Anti-Sikh riots in Northern India. Rajiv Gandhi was sworn in as the Prime Minister.

Mandal, Kamandal & Economic Reforms : 1990-92

Babri Mosque Demolition

In 1990, the controversy rose over PM V.P. Singh’s decision to implement 1980 recommendations of the Mandal commission for further job reservations to “other backward classes”. The same year Bharatiya Janata Party launched nationwide protests over Ayodhya issue. After the tenth General elections in 1991, Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated by LTTE terrorists. The economy took a downturn, and gold reserves were pawned to stave off default on international debt. In 1992, Babri Masjid was demolished and riots broke out not only in India but in several other countries.

Peace & War, 1999

Lahore Bus Trip

As Prime Minister Vajpayee undertook a historic bus journey to Pakistan and signs a declaration of peace; within a few days, Pakistani soldiers crossed the LOC and infiltrated Indian Kashmir. India repulsed the attack and Pakistan lost the brief, but bloody, border conflict in the Himalayan district of Kargil.

Gandhi’s land in communal riots, 2002

Gujarat Riots 2002

As several Kar Sevaks were burned to death in an attack on Sabarmati Express in Godhra town in 2002, large-scale Hindu-Muslim riots broke out in Gujarat leaving over a thousand dead.

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No Reason Celebrating Independence Day In Kashmir: A Kashmiri Writes For MSK

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It was called as the “Paradise on Earth”, but has instead been one of the most violent & bloodshed regions in recent years. Ajaz Ahmed writes on what importance does the Indian Independence Day hold to a Kashmiri youth and how they see their relationship with India.

Let’s understand the literal meaning of independence and then decide who deserves to celebrate it. The Declaration of Independence prescribed the proper role of government to secure the rights of individuals and to affect their safety and happiness. Now let’s understand independence in terms of Kashmir, which has always remained on the edge. Since India became independent, Kashmir never celebrated or accepted 15th August as a day of celebration, and in fact the day was given a very tough name – ‘’Black Day’’. As this territory is marked with human rights violations, rapes, fake encounters and killings, brutal laws like AFSPA goes against the declaration of independence like securing the rights of individuals, safety and happiness.

Though I feel both India and Pakistan betrayed Kashmiris, it’s very important to understand the root of the problem. As India got independence, Maharaja Hari Singh of Kashmir was willing to stay independent. However, under the changed circumstances after the tribal invasion from the Pakistani side, Maharaja acceded to India with a promise for plebiscite after the restoration of law & order. A plebiscite that would give Kashmiris right to choose between India or Pakistan. Though this never happened, but India & Pakistan fought 4 wars over it and the Kashmiris on both sides are divided by a long LOC.

Kashmir is an untold story, it has no reach, people across the world hardly know about Kashmir conflict. Government has barred Internet service, news channels and is constantly gagging local newspapers. In such a scenario what and why to celebrate independence? Once could be also thinking who is celebrating 15th August in Kashmir. The cabinet ministers including chief minister and forced invited school children are celebrating. This day is a usual day for an average Kashmiri and its been recognized as (15th August ko Hartal hai) day of strike.

I always feel that whether it is India or Pakistan, what they only want is the land of Kashmir. The people, Kashmiris are just an unwanted addition to the piece of real estate they had acquired. Nobody cares about the people, whether they live or die does not matter. Even young children aren’t spared and this makes me wonder, how these innocent children are a threat to a great nation of a billion people, one of the largest democracies in the world.  I mean, please think from the perspective of a Kashmiri. We just want what was promised to us during accession. I am not anti-Indian. The common Indian has no role in our sufferings. In fact, they have more in common with ordinary Kashmiris than the corrupt Kashmiri politicians in the government. I don’t throw stones at the security forces, as my upbringing never taught me so. I will fight but I will not hurt you.

Democracy, Independence, human rights are words that do not hold significance in today’s Kashmir. The day our land will truly be ours and the air we breathe is free again, that day the winds in Kashmir will bring the songs of joy, peace and freedom.

Stumped!

By Ankit Chandra

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Stumped! googlied! run out! (Inzamam Ul Haq style where u had no idea how could you get run out!) %^&*( %^&*( *()_+ ….>!!!!!

I mean, I am speechless it feels like I’ve grown in a Truman show where I was asked to believe in a particular world, and it turns out absolutely opposite!!!! OK. I will try to explain as much as I can, but beyond this I cannot do anything. Use your imagination, logic, background knowledge or what ever you want to use to get decipher what I want to say.

Hmm. clue number one. remember the moral science class? remember the course we covered? and remember the course we did not cover???

So the thing is, that the course we never covered was always assumed that we will cover by ourselves. Although, there were expectations all around you to know the course and score well in it, if there was a question asked.

Where were the questions asked? Right here!!! in real life!!!!!! God Damn!!! And what used to happen?? The questions were always ALWAYS out of course!!!! So there you are, who was not taught some particular chapters earlier, and then was indirectly told that everyone assumed that you knew the chapters and not only that, they also told you that every one in your batch knew the same stuff and therefore was expected to behave the same way. That was at least an assumption that you took with a sigh of relief, that the playing field is level.

5 years hence. You are in the real world with the education imparted to you at school, and home (most importantly), trying to find your place under the sun. To elaborate, now you are out there, (clue number two) trying to live your life socially, professionally, biologically, and ethically. And while you are trying to balance yourself on all the above mentioned …ally’s, you have nothing but those lessons you learnt in school.

So here is the meat. The lessons that you are using to balance your …ally’s with, include the lessons you never learnt in the first place!!!!!

So one fine day I am out in the big bad (really?) world, and I suddenly realize that other peers from my generation aren’t even following the same rules!!!!! WHAT??? am I like the biggest C***** in the world to have believed what the ‘others’ wanted me to believe????

U know what it feels like? it feels as if u were fined a fortune by a traffic cop for having the wrong design of number plate (yes it happens), who later you found out was a fake!!!

I hope the clues helped you find out what I am talking about, or when u do find it out the hard way, lemme know… 😦

Exploring Goa – XV – The Road to Keri!

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As you start the hill ascent, you leave behind beautiful memories of the Sweet Water Lake beach.

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As you trek along the edges of the mountains, you realise the Arabian sea is a a couple of wrong steps away!

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There’s always time for rest and taking time off to take in the breathtaking scenery during the trek! I’ve lost a lens cap and been stranded on a sunset trek once here.

 

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And if you are confused on which path to take, do check with fellow travellers and if you have no one for company, do follow the dogs. Nobody knows the paths better than them.

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And an hour of trek later, this vista of Paradise opens up-Keri has arrived!

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If you follow religion, it’s a good time to say thanks to the deity, who chaperoned you over the mountains!

Pati Patni Aur Woh In The Bihar Political Drama

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Our Political Analyst from Bihar analyses the situation in the state referencing it with frequent marriages and divorces in the Indian Political arena. A must read where he mentions no matter what the equations become, the only loser would be the state and the people of Bihar. 

“Marriage is like a deck of cards. In the beginning all you need is two hearts and a diamond. In divorce though, a club and a spade would have been better”. This how relationships begin and when the going gets tough, the tough decides to fizzle out. In the last seventy two hours the Indian political class has seen a bitter divorce that has taken place. A formidable marriage between the BJP & JD (U) has finally gone kaput.

In the last seventeen years both these parties made their voters believe ‘they cannot live without each other’. Kept each other’s secrets close to their chest, both of them covered each other’s lies, they had their voters hypnotized by their actions and today out of the blue they tell the world that ‘we are sorry, we were wrong, we can live without each other’.

Day before yesterday the rains ruined an India v/s Pakistan classic, but yesterday was Super Sunday in Bihar politics. As the news started to trickle in that the marriage is over the entire city of Patna wore a deserted look. Normally the eateries do roaring business here on the weekends, but the voters had already been given enough food for thought to keep their stomachs full through the night.

The fear of a certain mister Laloo Prasad Yadav winning the next assembly elections came back to haunt the business community yesterday. The young entrepreneurs who came back to the city in the last seven years and pumped in money to establish their settlements feared for the worse in the coming time.

What hurt the people was the fact that a state that was once considered a liability had become an asset in such a short span of time, a government that won the last assembly elections purely on the issue of development had chosen to betray the faith of their people over the secular v/s communal divide.

The other woman in the relationship was waiting to take advantage of the divide. Congress had been sending feelers to JDU for the past two years now. What the two partners failed to realise was that every marriage goes through problems; there are times when both face ideological differences, both have an ego tussle ensuing, but at the end of the day, the alliance was not just about them, it was also about their loved ones; their voters. The problem is when JDU realised it had a cushion to fall back on, they had stopped caring about the relationship.

What unfolds in the near future is something only the clock will decide, but one thing is sure, the jolted voters will answer this step in the next general elections. Either ways whoever forms the government at the centre ‘BIHAR & ITS PEOPLE STAND TO LOSE’.

P.S: BJP is saying to the Congress ‘Honey you can have him’. We deserve better!

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Ball-Tampering? So What?

Cricket - ICC Champions Trophy - Group A - England v Australia - Edgbaston

 

Accusations of ball-tampering by England aren’t such a scandal as they are being made out to be. The game has left it open to cutting corners, by all teams concerned, says Jaideep Ghosh.

Cricket is a strange game. It has, over the years, succumbed to the pressure of commercialization to such extents that rules being bent to suit the free flow of commerce have made it a little bit of a joke when it comes to discipline and fair play.

The current situation, where for England fast bowler Bob Willis and others have cast aspersions on the England team in the ICC Champions Trophy have been met with indignant protests from the team management. “We don’t tamper,” is the flavour of the protest.

Point is, so what if they do?

Here is a game where the arm is bent to get more purchase and the parent body allows it. The bats stand on the verge of violating the dimension norms, but that adds to the run-gathering. Grounds are of all shapes and sizes, from 60-yard ovals to 93-yard hexagons. You can use DRS, and then, you can do without it. Switch hits, reverse sweeps, everything is on the cards and nothing is sacrosanct.

So why should scratching the cricket ball a little bit be such an issue?

The irony is that it was the same Englishmen who had gone ballistic when Pakistan came up with the dubious art of reverse swing. They were never short of criticism, suspicion and accusations against the Pakistanis, and other teams, mostly the sub-continental sides, since the batsmen weren’t being able to handle the reverse swing, and the bowlers were unable to master the art initially.

So for them to act coy about using a little bit of magic fingers to get the ball to act according to their whims is where the issue is. Otherwise, every team does this.

It seems that the designated ball polishing job is given in the current side to skipper Alastair Cook and Ravi Bopara (not sure if is sub-continental credentials have anything to do with this). Essentially, the job goes to players of lower profiles, or higher credentials of ‘sporting’ behaviour.

Why? Simple. They aren’t under scrutiny of the TV and press cameras that much.

Using lozenge-derived glycerine-enriched saliva to polish the cricket ball isn’t such a rarity either. One of India’s players, renowned for his squeaky-clean reputation and demeanour, always had a toffee in his cheek while playing. But since he was above and beyond reproach, it never became an issue.

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Zaheer Khan got incensed during one series in England when some smart alec dropped some jellybeans near his bowling run-up. It wasn’t a joke. The suggestion was pretty direct.

So all those throwing up their hands in horror at the red cherry, or its white cousin, being polished of scratched the ‘wrong’ way need to take a chill pill. Nothing new there. Cricket,after all, isn’t just cricket any more.

cook explaining

 

 

 

No Ind Vs Pak Is A Dead Rubber

misbah dhoni

So if you thought that this India Vs Pakistan match is a dead rubber considering Pakistan is already out of the tournament and India are through to the semis, think again. This is the most fancied rivarly the game of cricket has had and no game could go without its shares of eye-balls, bigger than that of any other sport in the history of earth. 
Misbah-ul-Haq has already equated the game to the final, only echoing the millions of fans back in Pakistan who would forgive them to bow out even before the business stages of the tournament, if they manage to win this one, the one that the world is thinking to be a dead rubber. And no matter what the successful Indian skipper MS Dhoni says of the game, he knows that if loses this, there would be a certain faction in his own country who would not even take the Champions Trophy 2013 victory as consolation.
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The recent form goes to India but if you go a little back, just at the beginning of 2013, when Pakistan toured India for three ODI’s, they beat the hosts 2-1 and opened up many a holes in the famed Indian batting line-up. Shikhar Dhawan and Rohit Sharma have done fabulously well, having stitched two century opening stands at a run-rate of better than a run-a-ball but they would all know what Mohammad Irfan and Junaid Khan can do. The last time these bowlers breathed fire, India were struggling at 29/5 before Dhoni came and rescued them with a fighting 100, only to end in a losing cause.
India’s batting has done well but it can go all so wrong in case they lose a few early wickets because unlike the Australia attack, against which India came back pretty well in one of their practice games, this Pakistan bowling attack will not let them breathe easy. They will come back hard after every blow and Wahab Riaz and Saeed Ajmal would do their best to continue the good job done by the new ball seam bowlers.
The problem for Pakistan would be their batting. None of their batsmen, except for Misbah, have raised the hands when in trouble and someone will have to raise his hand if they want to win the game today. India’s bowling on the other hand is known to be weaker of the two but the bowlers have done well as a group. India would except another day when the seamers would do well and the spinners support them as much as possible.
The pitch and weather conditions look similar to what we have seen in Birmingham. Its a good batting wicket which will turn slow as the day progresses. There are chances of rain but we all hope the rain gods stay away for the day.
Pakistan will still feel the pinch of the loss they suffered at Mohali in the World Cup 2011 semi-final. This is their chance of redemption, even if it would not take them any further in the tournament. For India though the win will be about winning against Pakistan and also making sure they carry the winning momentum into the semi-final stages.
Dancers hold India and Pakistan national flags before the start of play in the ICC World Twenty20 cricket final match in Johannesburg